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Conglomerate Rock

Types of Soft Rocks

Coal
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Chalk
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Mudstone
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Conglomerate Definition

Definition
Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock which forms from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts which are cemented together in a matrix

History of Conglomerate

Origin
Italy
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Discoverer
Unknown

Etymology
From Latin conglomeratus, to roll together, i.e. from com together + glomerare to gather into a ball, from glomus (genitive glomeris) a ball

Class
Sedimentary Rocks
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Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Soft Rock
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Conglomerate Family

Group
Not Applicable

Other Categories
Coarse Grained Rock, Opaque Rock

Conglomerate Texture

Texture
Clastic
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Conglomerate Color
Beige, Black, Brown, Buff, Light to Dark Grey, Orange, Rust, White, Yellow

Maintenance
More
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Durability
Durable

Water Resistant
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Scratch Resistant
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Stain Resistant
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Wind Resistant
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Acid Resistant
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Appearance
Shiny and Rounded
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Conglomerate Uses

Architecture

Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Floor Tiles, Homes
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Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings, Roof Tiles
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Other Architectural Uses
Curbing

Industry

Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Roadstone

Medical Industry
Not Yet Used

Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Monuments, Sculpture, Small Figurines
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Other Uses

Commercial Uses
Cemetery Markers, In aquifers, Tombstones
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Conglomerate Types

Types
Not Available

Features
Clasts are smooth to touch, Is one of the oldest rock, Matrix variable
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Archaeological Significance of Conglomerate

Monuments
Used

Famous Monuments
Data Not Available

Sculpture
Used

Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available

Pictographs
Used

Petroglyphs
Used

Figurines
Used

Fossils
Present

Formation of Conglomerate

Formation
Conglomerate forms where sediments consisting mainly of pebble and cobble-size clasts at least two millimeters in diameter starts accumulating.

Composition

Mineral Content
Clay, Sand, Silica, Silt
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Compound Content
NaCl, CaO
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Transformation

Metamorphism

Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Cataclastic Metamorphism, Regional Metamorphism

Weathering

Types of Weathering
Not Applicable

Erosion

Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Coastal Erosion

Properties of Conglomerate

Physical Properties of Conglomerate

Hardness
2-3

Grain Size
Coarse Grained
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Fracture
Uneven
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Streak
White
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Porosity
Highly Porous
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Luster
Dull
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Compressive Strength
Not Available
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Cleavage
Non-Existent
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Toughness
Not Available

Specific Gravity
2.86-2.88

Transparency
Opaque
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Density
1.7-2.3 g/cm3

Thermal Properties of Conglomerate

Specific Heat Capacity
0.92 kJ/Kg K
10
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Resistance
Heat Resistant
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Conglomerate Reserves

Conglomerate Deposits in Eastern Continents

Asia
China, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Uzbekistan

Africa
Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa

Europe
Austria, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

Others
Greenland

Conglomerate Deposits in Western Continents

North America
Canada, USA

South America
Brazil

Conglomerate Deposits in Oceania Continent

Australia
New South Wales, New Zealand

Information about Conglomerate

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Conglomerate Uses. We have provided you with all information about Conglomerate rock here. Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock which forms from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts which are cemented together in a matrix. Conglomerate is available in beige, black, brown, buff, light to dark grey, orange, rust, white, yellow colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Conglomerate is white. Get to know more about Conglomerate rock and characteristics of Conglomerate rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Conglomerate

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Conglomerate are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Conglomerate is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Conglomerate plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Conglomerate is 2-3 on Moh’s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Hard Rocks, Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Conglomerate rock is uneven. Its specific heat capacity is 0.92 kJ/Kg K. Conglomerate is heat resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Floor tiles and Homes.
  • Construction Industry: As dimension stone, Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate, Roadstone.

Know more about Conglomerate rock in the next section.

More About Conglomerate

Conglomerate is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Conglomerate rock is available in beige, black, brown, buff, light to dark grey, orange, rust, white, yellow colors. It is Shiny and Rounded in appearance. The Conglomerate mineral content includes Clay, Sand, Silica, Silt. Its compound content includes NaCl, CaO. Let’s move on to the types of Conglomerate. Conglomerate rock does not have any types. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Conglomerate belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.