Generating Graphs...
Loading...

Breccia Rock

Types of Hard Rocks

Novaculite
Add to compare
Granite
Add to compare
Basalt
Add to compare
Breccia Definition

Definition
Breccia is a rock consisting of angular fragments of stones which are cemented by finer calcareous material

History of Breccia

Origin
England
📊

Discoverer
Unknown

Etymology
From Italian, literally gravel, Germanic origin and related to break

Class
Sedimentary Rocks
📊

Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Hard Rock
📊

Breccia Family

Group
Not Applicable

Other Categories
Coarse Grained Rock, Medium Grained Rock, Opaque Rock

Breccia Texture

Texture
Brecciated, Clastic
📊

Breccia Color
Beige, Black, Blue, Brown, Buff, Green, Grey, Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, Rust, White, Yellow

Maintenance
Less
📊

Durability
Durable

Water Resistant
📊

Scratch Resistant
📊

Stain Resistant
📊

Wind Resistant
📊

Acid Resistant
📊

Appearance
Layered, Banded, Veined and Shiny
📊

Breccia Uses

Architecture

Interior Uses
Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways, Floor Tiles, Flooring, Homes, Hotels, Interior Decoration
📊

Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Paving Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings
📊

Other Architectural Uses
Curbing

Industry

Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Construction Aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone

Medical Industry
Not Yet Used

Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Sculpture
📊

Other Uses

Commercial Uses
Creating Artwork, Gemstone, Jewelry
📊

Breccia Types

Types
Collapse Breccia, Fault Breccia, Flow Breccia, Pyroclastic Breccia, Igneous Breccia and Impact Breccia

Features
Available in Lots of Colors and Patterns, Clasts are smooth to touch
📊

Archaeological Significance of Breccia

Monuments
Not Yet Used

Famous Monuments
Not Applicable

Sculpture
Used

Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available

Pictographs
Not Used

Petroglyphs
Not Used

Figurines
Used

Fossils
Present

Formation of Breccia

Formation
Breccia is a clastic sedimentary rock which is composed of broken fragments of minerals or rock which are cemented together by a fine-grained matrix and it forms where broken, angular fragments of rock or mineral debris accumulate.

Composition

Mineral Content
Calcite, Clay, Feldspar, Phosphates, Quartz, Silica
📊

Compound Content
Aluminium Oxide, Ca, NaCl, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, Potassium Oxide, Sodium Oxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide
📊

Transformation

Metamorphism

Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Cataclastic Metamorphism

Weathering

Types of Weathering
Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering, Mechanical Weathering

Erosion

Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion

Properties of Breccia

Physical Properties of Breccia

Hardness
7

Grain Size
Medium to Coarse Grained
📊

Fracture
Uneven
📊

Streak
White
📊

Porosity
Less Porous
📊

Luster
Dull to Pearly
📊

Compressive Strength
Not Available
📊

Cleavage
Non-Existent
📊

Toughness
Not Available

Specific Gravity
2.86-2.87

Transparency
Opaque
📊

Density
0 g/cm3

Thermal Properties of Breccia

Specific Heat Capacity
Not Available
📊

Resistance
Heat Resistant, Impact Resistant, Pressure Resistant, Wear Resistant
📊

Breccia Reserves

Breccia Deposits in Eastern Continents

Asia
China, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, South Korea, Uzbekistan

Africa
Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa

Europe
Austria, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

Others
Greenland

Breccia Deposits in Western Continents

North America
Barbados, Canada, Mexico, Panama, USA

South America
Brazil

Breccia Deposits in Oceania Continent

Australia
New South Wales, New Zealand

Information about Breccia

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Breccia Uses. We have provided you with all information about Breccia rock here. Breccia is a rock consisting of angular fragments of stones which are cemented by finer calcareous material. Breccia is available in beige, black, blue, brown, buff, green, grey, orange, pink, purple, red, rust, white, yellow colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Breccia is white. Get to know more about Breccia rock and characteristics of Breccia rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Breccia

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Breccia are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Breccia is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Breccia plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Breccia is 7 on Moh’s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Hard Rocks, Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Breccia rock is uneven. Its specific heat capacity is Not Available. Breccia is heat resistant, impact resistant, pressure resistant, wear resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Countertops, Decorative aggregates, Entryways, Floor tiles, Flooring, Homes, Hotels and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: As dimension stone, Construction aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone.

Know more about Breccia rock in the next section.

More About Breccia

Breccia is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Breccia rock is available in beige, black, blue, brown, buff, green, grey, orange, pink, purple, red, rust, white, yellow colors. It is Layered, Banded, Veined and Shiny in appearance. The Breccia mineral content includes Calcite, Clay, Feldspar, Phosphates, Quartz, Silica. Its compound content includes Aluminium Oxide, Ca, NaCl, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, Potassium Oxide, Sodium Oxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide. Let’s move on to the types of Breccia. The types of Breccia include Collapse Breccia, Fault Breccia, Flow Breccia, Pyroclastic Breccia, Igneous Breccia and Impact Breccia. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Breccia belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.