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Dolomite
Dolomite




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Dolomite Rock

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1 Definition
1.1 Definition
Dolomite is a sedimentary rock containing more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite by weight
1.2 History
1.2.1 Origin
Southern Alps, France
1.2.2 Discoverer
Dolomieu
1.3 Etymology
From French, from the name of Dolomieu (1750–1801), the French geologist who discovered the rock
1.4 Class
Sedimentary Rocks
1.4.1 Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Medium Hardness Rock
1.5 Family
1.5.1 Group
Not Applicable
1.6 Other Categories
Coarse Grained Rock, Fine Grained Rock, Medium Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
2 Texture
2.1 Texture
Earthy
2.2 Color
Black, Brown, Colourless, Green, Grey, Pink, White
2.3 Maintenance
Less
2.4 Durability
Durable
2.4.1 Water Resistant
59% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.2 Scratch Resistant
62% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.3 Stain Resistant
43% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.4 Wind Resistant
38% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.5 Acid Resistant
22% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.5 Appearance
Glassy or Pearly
3 Uses
3.1 Architecture
3.1.1 Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Homes, Interior Decoration
3.1.2 Exterior Uses
Garden Decoration, Office Buildings
3.1.3 Other Architectural Uses
Not Yet Used
3.2 Industry
3.2.1 Construction Industry
As a Flux in the Production of Steel and Pig Iron, As a Sintering Agent in Steel Industry to process Iron Ore, As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Manufacture of Magnesium and Dolomite Refractories, Production of Glass and Ceramics, Serves as an Oil and Gas Reservoir rock
3.2.2 Medical Industry
Taken as a Supplement for Calcium or Magnesium
3.3 Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Jewellery, Monuments, Sculpture, Small Figurines
3.4 Other Uses
3.4.1 Commercial Uses
An Oil and Gas Reservoir, As a Feed Additive for Livestock, Gemstone, Metallurgical Flux, Production of Lime, Soil Conditioner, Source of Magnesia (MgO)
4 Types
4.1 Types
Boninite and Jasperoid
4.2 Features
Host Rock for Lead, Traps for subsurface fluids like Oil and Natural Gas., Zinc and Copper Deposits
4.3 Archaeological Significance
4.3.1 Monuments
Used
4.3.2 Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
4.3.3 Sculpture
Used
4.3.4 Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
4.3.5 Pictographs
Used
4.3.6 Petroglyphs
Used
4.3.7 Figurines
Used
4.4 Fossils
Present
5 Formation
5.1 Formation
Dolomite rocks are originally deposited as calcite or aragonite rich limestone, but during diagenesis process, the calcite or aragonite is transformed into dolomite.
5.2 Composition
5.2.1 Mineral Content
Clay Minerals, Pyrite, Quartz, Sulfides
5.2.2 Compound Content
NaCl, CaO, Carbon Dioxide, Magnesium Carbonate, MgO
5.3 Transformation
5.3.1 Metamorphism
19% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.2 Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Cataclastic Metamorphism, Contact Metamorphism
5.3.3 Weathering
78% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.4 Types of Weathering
Not Applicable
5.3.5 Erosion
86% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.6 Types of Erosion
Not Applicable
6 Properties
6.1 Physical Properties
6.1.1 Hardness
3.5-4
6.1.2 Grain Size
Medium to Fine Coarse Grained
6.1.3 Fracture
Conchoidal
6.1.4 Streak
White
6.1.5 Porosity
Less Porous
6.1.6 Luster
Vitreous and Pearly
6.1.7 Compressive Strength
Flint
140.00 N/mm2
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Obsidian
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6.1.8 Cleavage
Perfect
6.1.9 Toughness
1
6.1.10 Specific Gravity
2.8-3
6.1.11 Transparency
Transparent to Translucent
6.1.12 Density
2.8-2.9 g/cm3
6.2 Thermal Properties
6.2.1 Specific Heat Capacity
Banded iron for..
0.92 kJ/Kg K
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Granulite
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6.2.2 Resistance
Heat Resistant, Pressure Resistant, Wear Resistant
7 Reserves
7.1 Deposits in Eastern Continents
7.1.1 Asia
China, India
7.1.2 Africa
Morocco, Namibia
7.1.3 Europe
Austria, Italy, Romania, Spain, Switzerland
7.1.4 Others
Not Yet Found
7.2 Deposits in Western Continents
7.2.1 North America
Mexico, USA
7.2.2 South America
Brazil, Colombia
7.3 Deposits in Oceania Continent
7.3.1 Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Yorke Peninsula

Information about Dolomite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Dolomite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Dolomite rock here. Dolomite is a sedimentary rock containing more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite by weight. Dolomite is available in black, brown, colourless, green, grey, pink, white colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Dolomite is white. Get to know more about Dolomite rock and characteristics of Dolomite rock in the next sections.