What is Peridotite?

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1 Definition
1.1 Definition
Peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained plutonic is the main constituent of the earth's mantle
1.2 History
1.2.1 Origin
Pike County, U.S
1.2.2 Discoverer
1.3 Etymology
From French, from peridot +‎ -ite
1.4 Class
Igneous Rocks
1.4.1 Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Medium Hardness Rock
1.5 Family
1.5.1 Group
1.6 Other Categories
Coarse Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
2 Texture
2.1 Texture
2.2 Color
Dark Greenish - Grey
2.3 Maintenance
2.4 Durability
2.4.1 Water Resistant
81% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.2 Scratch Resistant
86% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.3 Stain Resistant
66% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.4 Wind Resistant
49% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.5 Acid Resistant
48% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.5 Appearance
Rough and Shiny
3 Uses
3.1 Architecture
3.1.1 Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Interior Decoration
3.1.2 Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration
3.1.3 Other Architectural Uses
3.2 Industry
3.2.1 Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Cobblestones
3.2.2 Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
3.3 Antiquity Uses
Monuments, Sculpture, Small Figurines
3.4 Other Uses
3.4.1 Commercial Uses
Creating Artwork, Gemstone, Jewelry, Source of Chromite, Platinum, Nickel and Garnet, Source of Diamonds
4 Types
4.1 Types
Dunite, Wehrlite, Harzburgite, Lherzolite and Pyrolite
4.2 Features
Constitutes upper part of the Earth's mantle, Generally rough to touch, Host rock for Diamond, Is one of the oldest rock
4.3 Archaeological Significance
4.3.1 Monuments
4.3.2 Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
4.3.3 Sculpture
4.3.4 Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
4.3.5 Pictographs
4.3.6 Petroglyphs
4.3.7 Figurines
4.4 Fossils
5 Formation
5.1 Formation
Peridotites can be formed in two ways: as mantle rocks formed during the accretion and differentiation of the Earth or as cumulate rocks formed by precipitation of olivine and pyroxenes from basaltic magmas.
5.2 Composition
5.2.1 Mineral Content
Amphibole, Chromite, Garnet, Magnesium, Olivine, Phlogopite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene
5.2.2 Compound Content
Ca, Fe, Mg, Potassium, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium, Titanium Dioxide
5.3 Transformation
5.3.1 Metamorphism
97% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.2 Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Cataclastic Metamorphism, Contact Metamorphism, Hydrothermal Metamorphism, Impact Metamorphism, Regional Metamorphism
5.3.3 Weathering
99% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.4 Types of Weathering
Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering, Mechanical Weathering
5.3.5 Erosion
92% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.6 Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion
6 Properties
6.1 Physical Properties
6.1.1 Hardness
6.1.2 Grain Size
Coarse Grained
6.1.3 Fracture
6.1.4 Streak
6.1.5 Porosity
Less Porous
6.1.6 Luster
6.1.7 Compressive Strength
What Is Flint
107.55 N/mm2
Rank: 19 (Overall)
What Is Obsidian
6.1.8 Cleavage
6.1.9 Toughness
6.1.10 Specific Gravity
6.1.11 Transparency
Translucent to Opaque
6.1.12 Density
3.1-3.4 g/cm3
6.2 Thermal Properties
6.2.1 Specific Heat Capacity
What Is Banded ..
1.26 kJ/Kg K
Rank: 5 (Overall)
What Is Granulite
6.2.2 Resistance
Heat Resistant, Pressure Resistant, Wear Resistant
7 Reserves
7.1 Deposits in Eastern Continents
7.1.1 Asia
China, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey
7.1.2 Africa
Morocco, South Africa
7.1.3 Europe
Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, Venezuela
7.1.4 Others
Not Yet Found
7.2 Deposits in Western Continents
7.2.1 North America
Canada, USA
7.2.2 South America
7.3 Deposits in Oceania Continent
7.3.1 Australia
New Zealand, Western Australia

Learn more about Properties of Peridotite

What is Peridotite? In this section, we will learn more about properties of Peridotite i.e. physical and thermal properties. Physical properties of Peridotite include Color, Streak, Hardness, Structure, Cleavage, Fracture, Luster, Specific Gravity etc. The strength of Peridotite is 107.55 N/mm2. Streak of Peridotite is white while its cleavage is imperfect. Luster of Peridotite is shiny and its fracture is irregular. Peridotite is translucent to opaque in nature. Know all about Peridotite, What is Peridotite, its composition, features, facts and reserves in next sections.

Know about Composition of Peridotite

What is Peridotite composed of? Get to know about composition of Peridotite here. Peridotite definition gives information about the Formation of Peridotite and its composition.The composition of Peridotite can be further divided into mineral and compound content. The mineral content of Peridotite rock includes Amphibole, Chromite, Garnet, Magnesium, Olivine, Phlogopite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene and The compound content of Peridotite rock includes Ca, Fe, Mg, Potassium, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium, Titanium Dioxide. Almost all rocks undergo transformation process. Know all about Peridotite rock in next section.

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