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Carbonatite
Carbonatite




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Carbonatite Rock

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1 Definition
1.1 Definition
Carbonatite is intrusive or extrusive igneous rock which is defined by mineralogic composition, consisting of greater than 50 percent carbonate minerals
1.2 History
1.2.1 Origin
Tanzania
1.2.2 Discoverer
Unknown
1.3 Etymology
From any intrusive igneous rock, having a majority of carbonate minerals
1.4 Class
Igneous Rocks
1.4.1 Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Soft Rock
1.5 Family
1.5.1 Group
Plutonic
1.6 Other Categories
Coarse Grained Rock, Fine Grained Rock, Medium Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
2 Texture
2.1 Texture
Granular, Poikiloblastic
2.2 Color
Black, Brown, Colourless, Green, Grey, Pink, White
2.3 Maintenance
Less
2.4 Durability
Durable
2.4.1 Water Resistant
81% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.2 Scratch Resistant
86% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.3 Stain Resistant
66% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.4 Wind Resistant
49% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.5 Acid Resistant
48% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
2.5 Appearance
Dull, Banded and Foilated
3 Uses
3.1 Architecture
3.1.1 Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Interior Decoration
3.1.2 Exterior Uses
As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration
3.1.3 Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
3.2 Industry
3.2.1 Construction Industry
As a Flux in the Production of Steel and Pig Iron, As a Sintering Agent in Steel Industry to process Iron Ore, As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Manufacture of Magnesium and Dolomite Refractories, Unknown, Unknown
3.2.2 Medical Industry
Taken as a Supplement for Calcium or Magnesium
3.3 Antiquity Uses
Artifacts
3.4 Other Uses
3.4.1 Commercial Uses
An Oil and Gas Reservoir, As a Feed Additive for Livestock, Gemstone, Metallurgical Flux
4 Types
4.1 Types
Not Available
4.2 Features
Available in lots of colors, Generally rough to touch, Is one of the oldest rock
4.3 Archaeological Significance
4.3.1 Monuments
Not Yet Used
4.3.2 Famous Monuments
Not Applicable
4.3.3 Sculpture
Not Yet Used
4.3.4 Famous Sculptures
Not Applicable
4.3.5 Pictographs
Used
4.3.6 Petroglyphs
Used
4.3.7 Figurines
Not Yet Used
4.4 Fossils
Absent
5 Formation
5.1 Formation
Carbonatites are intrusive or extrusive igneous rocks which are defined by mineralogic composition consisting of greater than 50 percent carbonate minerals and are formed due to low degrees of partial melting of rocks.
5.2 Composition
5.2.1 Mineral Content
Ancylite, Apatite, Barite, Fluorite, Magnetite, Natrolite, Sodalite
5.2.2 Compound Content
CaO, Carbon Dioxide, Sodium Oxide
5.3 Transformation
5.3.1 Metamorphism
97% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.2 Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Contact Metamorphism
5.3.3 Weathering
99% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.4 Types of Weathering
Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering, Mechanical Weathering
5.3.5 Erosion
92% Igneous Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.6 Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Wind Erosion
6 Properties
6.1 Physical Properties
6.1.1 Hardness
3
6.1.2 Grain Size
Medium to Fine Coarse Grained
6.1.3 Fracture
Conchoidal
6.1.4 Streak
White
6.1.5 Porosity
Less Porous
6.1.6 Luster
Subvitreous to Dull
6.1.7 Compressive Strength
Flint
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Obsidian
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6.1.8 Cleavage
Not Available
6.1.9 Toughness
1
6.1.10 Specific Gravity
2.86-2.87
6.1.11 Transparency
Opaque
6.1.12 Density
2.84-2.86 g/cm3
6.2 Thermal Properties
6.2.1 Specific Heat Capacity
Banded iron for..
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Granulite
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6.2.2 Resistance
Heat Resistant, Pressure Resistant, Water Resistant
7 Reserves
7.1 Deposits in Eastern Continents
7.1.1 Asia
China, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Uzbekistan
7.1.2 Africa
Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa
7.1.3 Europe
Austria, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
7.1.4 Others
Greenland
7.2 Deposits in Western Continents
7.2.1 North America
Canada, USA
7.2.2 South America
Brazil
7.3 Deposits in Oceania Continent
7.3.1 Australia
New South Wales, New Zealand

Information about Carbonatite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Carbonatite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Carbonatite rock here. Carbonatite is intrusive or extrusive igneous rock which is defined by mineralogic composition, consisting of greater than 50 percent carbonate minerals. Carbonatite is available in black, brown, colourless, green, grey, pink, white colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Carbonatite is white. Get to know more about Carbonatite rock and characteristics of Carbonatite rock in the next sections.