What is Travertine?

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1 Definition
1.1 Definition
Travertine is a mineral consisting of layered calcium carbonate formed by deposition from spring waters
1.2 History
1.2.1 Origin
1.2.2 Discoverer
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio
1.3 Etymology
From Italian travertino a kind of building stone, from Tiburs, adjective from Tibur (Tivoli), in Italy
1.4 Class
Sedimentary Rocks
1.4.1 Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Medium Hardness Rock
1.5 Family
1.5.1 Group
Not Applicable
1.6 Other Categories
Fine Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
2 Texture
2.1 Texture
2.2 Color
Beige, Black, Blue, Brown, Grey, Red, White, Yellow
2.3 Maintenance
2.4 Durability
2.4.1 Water Resistant
59% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.2 Scratch Resistant
62% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.3 Stain Resistant
43% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.4 Wind Resistant
38% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.5 Acid Resistant
22% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
2.5 Appearance
3 Uses
3.1 Architecture
3.1.1 Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Entryways, Flooring, Homes, Interior Decoration
3.1.2 Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Paving Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings
3.1.3 Other Architectural Uses
3.2 Industry
3.2.1 Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Building houses or walls, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar
3.2.2 Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
3.3 Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Jewellery, Monuments, Sculpture, Small Figurines
3.4 Other Uses
3.4.1 Commercial Uses
Cemetery Markers, Creating Artwork, Gemstone, Jewelry, Paper Industry, Pottery
4 Types
4.1 Types
Not Available
4.2 Features
Stalactites and stalagmites are formed from this rock, Surfaces are often shiny, Very fine grained rock
4.3 Archaeological Significance
4.3.1 Monuments
4.3.2 Famous Monuments
Colosseum in Rome, Italy, Sacré Coeur in Paris, France, Trevi Fountain in Rome, Italy
4.3.3 Sculpture
4.3.4 Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
4.3.5 Pictographs
4.3.6 Petroglyphs
4.3.7 Figurines
4.4 Fossils
5 Formation
5.1 Formation
Travertine is a type of sedimentary rock formed when a river carries or transports pieces of broken rock which then undergo sedimentation. They are then subjected to high temperature and pressure hence forming travertine rock.
5.2 Composition
5.2.1 Mineral Content
Calcite, Clay, Feldspar, Micas, Quartz
5.2.2 Compound Content
Ca, NaCl, CaO, Oxygen
5.3 Transformation
5.3.1 Metamorphism
19% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.2 Types of Metamorphism
Not Applicable
5.3.3 Weathering
78% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.4 Types of Weathering
Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering, Mechanical Weathering
5.3.5 Erosion
86% Sedimentary Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.6 Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Coastal Erosion, Glacier Erosion
6 Properties
6.1 Physical Properties
6.1.1 Hardness
6.1.2 Grain Size
Fine Grained
6.1.3 Fracture
6.1.4 Streak
6.1.5 Porosity
Highly Porous
6.1.6 Luster
Dull to Pearly
6.1.7 Compressive Strength
What Is Flint
80.00 N/mm2
Rank: 23 (Overall)
What Is Obsidian
6.1.8 Cleavage
6.1.9 Toughness
6.1.10 Specific Gravity
6.1.11 Transparency
6.1.12 Density
2.71 g/cm3
6.2 Thermal Properties
6.2.1 Specific Heat Capacity
What Is Banded ..
1.09 kJ/Kg K
Rank: 8 (Overall)
What Is Granulite
6.2.2 Resistance
Impact Resistant, Pressure Resistant, Wear Resistant
7 Reserves
7.1 Deposits in Eastern Continents
7.1.1 Asia
China, Russia
7.1.2 Africa
Not Yet Found
7.1.3 Europe
Austria, Italy, Portugal, United Kingdom
7.1.4 Others
Not Yet Found
7.2 Deposits in Western Continents
7.2.1 North America
Canada, USA
7.2.2 South America
Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador
7.3 Deposits in Oceania Continent
7.3.1 Australia
Not Yet Found

Learn more about Properties of Travertine

What is Travertine? In this section, we will learn more about properties of Travertine i.e. physical and thermal properties. Physical properties of Travertine include Color, Streak, Hardness, Structure, Cleavage, Fracture, Luster, Specific Gravity etc. The strength of Travertine is 80.00 N/mm2. Streak of Travertine is white while its cleavage is non-existent. Luster of Travertine is dull to pearly and its fracture is splintery. Travertine is opaque in nature. Know all about Travertine, What is Travertine, its composition, features, facts and reserves in next sections.

Know about Composition of Travertine

What is Travertine composed of? Get to know about composition of Travertine here. Travertine definition gives information about the Formation of Travertine and its composition.The composition of Travertine can be further divided into mineral and compound content. The mineral content of Travertine rock includes Calcite, Clay, Feldspar, Micas, Quartz and The compound content of Travertine rock includes Ca, NaCl, CaO, Oxygen. Almost all rocks undergo transformation process. Know all about Travertine rock in next section.

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