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Serpentinite
Serpentinite

Gossan
Gossan



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Serpentinite
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Serpentinite vs Gossan

1 Definition
1.1 Definition
A hydration and metamorphic transformation of ultramafic rock from the Earth's mantle is called as serpentinization, a group of minerals is formed by serpentinization compose rock 'serpentinite'.
Gossan is intensely oxidized, weathered or decomposed rock, usually the upper and exposed part of an ore deposit or mineral vein.
1.2 History
1.2.1 Origin
USA
Indonesia
1.2.2 Discoverer
Unknown
Cornish Gossen
1.3 Etymology
From English word serpentinization.
From Cornish gossen from gos, blood from Old Cornish guit
1.4 Class
Metamorphic Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
1.4.1 Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Medium Hardness Rock
Durable Rock, Medium Hardness Rock
1.5 Family
1.5.1 Group
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
1.6 Other Categories
Fine Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
Fine Grained Rock, Medium Grained Rock, Opaque Rock
2 Texture
2.1 Texture
Earthy
Rough, Sandy
2.2 Color
Black, Brown, Colourless, Green, Grey, White
Brown, Brown- Black, Gold, Green, Rust
2.3 Maintenance
Less
Less
2.4 Durability
Durable
Durable
2.4.1 Water Resistant
81% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
81% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.2 Scratch Resistant
65% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
65% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.3 Stain Resistant
42% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
42% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.4 Wind Resistant
19% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
19% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
2.4.5 Acid Resistant
15% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
15% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
2.5 Appearance
Rough and Dull
Dull and Banded
3 Uses
3.1 Architecture
3.1.1 Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Interior Decoration
Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Interior Decoration
3.1.2 Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, Paving Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Paving Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings
3.1.3 Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
Curbing
3.2 Industry
3.2.1 Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement
As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate
3.2.2 Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
Not Yet Used
3.3 Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Jewellery, Monuments, Sculpture
Artifacts
3.4 Other Uses
3.4.1 Commercial Uses
Commemorative Tablets, Creating Artwork
Cemetery Markers, Commemorative Tablets, Gemstone
4 Types
4.1 Types
Jadeitite
Translocated gossan and Leakage gossan
4.2 Features
Host Rock for Lead
Clasts are smooth to touch, Easily splits into thin plates
4.3 Archaeological Significance
4.3.1 Monuments
Used
Not Yet Used
4.3.2 Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
Not Applicable
4.3.3 Sculpture
Used
Not Yet Used
4.3.4 Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
Not Applicable
4.3.5 Pictographs
Used
Used
4.3.6 Petroglyphs
Used
Used
4.3.7 Figurines
Used
Not Yet Used
4.4 Fossils
Absent
Absent
5 Formation
5.1 Formation
Due to change in environmental conditions, rocks are heated and pressurized deep inside the Earth's surface. Serpentinite is formed from the extreme heat caused by magma or by the intense collisions and friction of tectonic plates.
Earth movements can cause rocks to be either deeply buried or squeezed and hence the rocks are heated and put under great pressure.
5.2 Composition
5.2.1 Mineral Content
Carbonate, Magnetite, Pyrrhotite, Serpentine, Sulfides
Apatite, Augite, Biotite, Bronzite, Calcite, Chert, Epidote, Feldspar, Hornblende, Micas, Plagioclase, Pyroxene, Quartz, Sulfides, Zircon
5.2.2 Compound Content
Ca, CaO, Carbon Dioxide, KCl, MgO, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulphur
Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Fe, FeO, Silicon Dioxide, Sulphur
5.3 Transformation
5.3.1 Metamorphism
50% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
50% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.2 Types of Metamorphism
Burial Metamorphism, Cataclastic Metamorphism, Contact Metamorphism, Hydrothermal Metamorphism, Impact Metamorphism
Not Applicable
5.3.3 Weathering
65% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
65% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.4 Types of Weathering
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
5.3.5 Erosion
77% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
77% Metamorphic Rocks Rocks have it !
5.3.6 Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Coastal Erosion, Glacier Erosion, Sea Erosion, Wind Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Sea Erosion, Wind Erosion
6 Properties
6.1 Physical Properties
6.1.1 Hardness
3-5
4-5
6.1.2 Grain Size
Very fine-grained
Fine to Medium Grained
6.1.3 Fracture
Uneven
Conchoidal
6.1.4 Streak
White, Greenish White or Grey
White to Grey
6.1.5 Porosity
Less Porous
Highly Porous
6.1.6 Luster
Waxy and Dull
Metallic
6.1.7 Compressive Strength
Flint
310.00 N/mm2
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Obsidian
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1.1.1 Cleavage
Irregular
Not Available
1.2.1 Toughness
7
Not Available
1.2.3 Specific Gravity
2.79-3
2.0
1.2.4 Transparency
Opaque
Opaque
1.2.6 Density
2.5-3 g/cm3
Not Available
1.4 Thermal Properties
1.4.1 Specific Heat Capacity
Banded iron for..
0.95 kJ/Kg K
Rank: 9 (Overall)
0.24 kJ/Kg K
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Granulite
ADD ⊕
2.4.5 Resistance
Heat Resistant
Heat Resistant, Impact Resistant, Pressure Resistant
3 Reserves
3.1 Deposits in Eastern Continents
3.1.1 Asia
India, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea
China, India, Indonesia, Russia, Singapore, South Korea
3.1.2 Africa
Ethiopia, Western Africa
Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Ghana, South Africa, Western Africa
3.1.3 Europe
England, Georgia, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Albania, France, Germany, Great Britain, United Kingdom
3.1.4 Others
Not Yet Found
Not Yet Found
3.2 Deposits in Western Continents
3.2.1 North America
Canada
Canada, USA
3.2.2 South America
Colombia
Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
3.3 Deposits in Oceania Continent
3.3.1 Australia
Central Australia, New South Wales, New Zealand, Western Australia
New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia

Serpentinite vs Gossan Information

Earth’s outer layer is covered by rocks and these rocks have different physical and chemical properties. As two rocks are not same, it’s fun to compare them. You can also know more about Serpentinite and Gossan Reserves. A hydration and metamorphic transformation of ultramafic rock from the Earth's mantle is called as serpentinization, a group of minerals is formed by serpentinization compose rock 'serpentinite'.. Gossan is intensely oxidized, weathered or decomposed rock, usually the upper and exposed part of an ore deposit or mineral vein.. These rocks are composed of many distinct minerals. The process of formation of rocks is different for various rocks. Rocks are quarried from many years for various purposes. You can check out Serpentinite vs Gossan information and Serpentinite vs Gossan characteristics in the upcoming sections.

Serpentinite vs Gossan Characteristics

Though some rocks look identical, they have certain characteristics which distinguish them from others. Characteristics of rocks include texture, appearance, color, fracture, streak, hardness etc. Serpentinite vs Gossan characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks. Also you can check about Properties of Serpentinite and Properties of Gossan. Learn more about Serpentinite vs Gossan in the next section. The interior uses of Serpentinite include Decorative aggregates and Interior decoration whereas the interior uses of Gossan include Countertops, Decorative aggregates and Interior decoration. Due to some exceptional properties of Serpentinite and Gossan, they have various applications in construction industry. The uses of Serpentinite in construction industry include As dimension stone, Cement manufacture, For road aggregate, Making natural cement and that of Gossan include As dimension stone, Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate.

More about Serpentinite and Gossan

Here you can know more about Serpentinite and Gossan. The life cycle of a rock consists of formation of rock, composition of rock and transformation of rock. The composition of Serpentinite and Gossan consists of mineral content and compound content. The mineral content of Serpentinite includes Carbonate, Magnetite, Pyrrhotite, Serpentine, Sulfides and mineral content of Gossan includes Apatite, Augite, Biotite, Bronzite, Calcite, Chert, Epidote, Feldspar, Hornblende, Micas, Plagioclase, Pyroxene, Quartz, Sulfides, Zircon. You can also check out the list of all Metamorphic Rocks. When we have to compare Serpentinite vs Gossan, the texture, color and appearance plays an important role in determining the type of rock. Serpentinite is available in black, brown, colourless, green, grey, white colors whereas, Gossan is available in brown, brown- black, gold, green, rust colors. Appearance of Serpentinite is Rough and Dull and that of Gossan is Dull and Banded. Properties of rock is another aspect for Serpentinite vs Gossan. The hardness of Serpentinite is 3-5 and that of Gossan is 4-5. The types of Serpentinite are Jadeitite whereas types of Gossan are Translocated gossan and Leakage gossan. Streak of rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Serpentinite is white, greenish white or grey while that of Gossan is white to grey. The specific heat capacity of Serpentinite is 0.95 kJ/Kg K and that of Gossan is 0.24 kJ/Kg K. Depending on the properties like hardness, toughness, specific heat capacity, porosity etc., rocks are resistant to heat, wear, impact, etc.Serpentinite is heat resistant whereas Gossan is heat resistant, impact resistant, pressure resistant.

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