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Laterite Rock

Types of Soft Rocks

Coal
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Chalk
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Mudstone
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Laterite Definition

Definition
Laterite rock is a type of Sedimentary rock which is rich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas

History of Laterite

Origin
India
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Discoverer
Francis Buchanan-Hamilton

Etymology
From Latin later brick, tile + -ite1

Class
Sedimentary Rocks
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Sub-Class
Durable Rock, Soft Rock
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Laterite Family

Group
Not Applicable

Other Categories
Fine Grained Rock, Opaque Rock

Laterite Texture

Texture
Earthy, Massive, Porphyritic
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Laterite Color
Brown, Buff, Red

Maintenance
Less
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Durability
Durable

Water Resistant
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Scratch Resistant
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Stain Resistant
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Wind Resistant
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Acid Resistant
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Appearance
Rough and Banded
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Laterite Uses

Architecture

Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Flooring, Interior Decoration
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Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration
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Other Architectural Uses
Curbing

Industry

Construction Industry
Cobblestones, for Road Aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone

Medical Industry
Not Yet Used

Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Monuments, Sculpture
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Other Uses

Commercial Uses
An Oil and Gas Reservoir, Source of bauxite, Used in aquariums
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Laterite Types

Types
Not Available

Features
Is one of the oldest rock, Very fine grained rock
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Archaeological Significance of Laterite

Monuments
Used

Famous Monuments
Data Not Available

Sculpture
Used

Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available

Pictographs
Used

Petroglyphs
Used

Figurines
Used

Fossils
Present

Formation of Laterite

Formation
Laterite is a type of sedimentary rock which is generally a reddish weathering product of basalt.

Composition

Mineral Content
Aluminum Oxides, Biotite, Hematite, Hornblade, Iron Oxides, Manganese Oxides, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene
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Compound Content
Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, FeO, Potassium Oxide, MgO, MnO, Sodium Oxide, Phosphorus Pentoxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide
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Transformation

Metamorphism

Types of Metamorphism
Not Applicable

Weathering

Types of Weathering
Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering

Erosion

Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion, Water Erosion, Wind Erosion

Properties of Laterite

Physical Properties of Laterite

Hardness
2

Grain Size
Fine Grained
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Fracture
Conchoidal
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Streak
White
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Porosity
Highly Porous
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Luster
Dull
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Compressive Strength
Not Available
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Cleavage
Not Applicable
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Toughness
Not Available

Specific Gravity
Not Available

Transparency
Opaque
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Density
Not Available

Thermal Properties of Laterite

Specific Heat Capacity
Not Available
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Resistance
Heat Resistant, Pressure Resistant
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Laterite Reserves

Laterite Deposits in Eastern Continents

Asia
India

Africa
East Africa, Western Africa

Europe
England, Romania, Scotland

Others
Not Yet Found

Laterite Deposits in Western Continents

North America
Canada, USA

South America
Not Yet Found

Laterite Deposits in Oceania Continent

Australia
Central Australia, Western Australia

Information about Laterite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Laterite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Laterite rock here. Laterite rock is a type of Sedimentary rock which is rich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Laterite is available in brown, buff, red colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Laterite is white. Get to know more about Laterite rock and characteristics of Laterite rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Laterite

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Laterite are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Laterite is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Laterite plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Laterite is 2 on Moh’s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Hard Rocks, Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Laterite rock is conchoidal. Its specific heat capacity is Not Available. Laterite is heat resistant, pressure resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Flooring and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: Cobblestones, For road aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone.

Know more about Laterite rock in the next section.

More About Laterite

Laterite is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Laterite rock is available in brown, buff, red colors. It is Rough and Banded in appearance. The Laterite mineral content includes Aluminum Oxides, Biotite, Hematite, Hornblade, Iron Oxides, Manganese Oxides, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene. Its compound content includes Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, FeO, Potassium Oxide, MgO, MnO, Sodium Oxide, Phosphorus Pentoxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide. Let’s move on to the types of Laterite. Laterite rock does not have any types. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Laterite belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.